in vitro Culture of Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng. R. arboreum is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand.2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group.3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”.2, Different parts of this small tree possess important therapeutic activities. info@arboreum.org. Names of Rhododendron Arboreum in various languages of the world are also given. , author. Subgenus Hymenanthes. The name ‘RHODODENDRON’ is derived from the Greek word ‘RHODO’ means rose & ‘DENDRON’ means tree. Kuntze] is a potential candidate for c... Oct 8, 2018 Title : First photographic record of tiger presence at … It has broad, dark green leaves, 7–19 cm (3–7 in) long, with a silvery, fawn or brown hairy coating beneath. Bailliere Tindall, A division of Cassell Ltd.; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE Practical Pharmacognosy. Toxicol and Industrial Health. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 12 m (39ft) by 3 m (9ft). Shelter is imperative to prevent wind damage to leaves. , authors. cinnamomeum var. Moreover, quantitative microscopical studies such as determination of stomatal index, vein islet number and veinlet-termination number were also carried out as per the standard protocols.11,12 The material was placed on the slide and stained with different staining reagents and examined under the microscope (Leica DM 2500 LED).12, Leaf sample for R. arboreum was subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with the help of scanning electron microscope. Flowering Month: April. cinnamomeum var. How Rhododendron Arboreum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Agroforestree database: a tree species reference and selection guide version 4.0. Propagation of Rhododendron arboreum: Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn and given artificial light. Pitchaiah P, The tree discovered in 1993 at Mount Japfu in Kohima district of Nagaland, India, holds the Guinness Record for the tallest Rhododendron at 108 ft measured at the time of discovery which is still growing. Kwiat różanecznika drzewiastego jest narodowym symbolem Nepalu. Physico-chemical standards of Unani formulations, Part-IV, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM). AS SUBSTITUTE OF TECOMELLA UNDULATA WSR TO HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY | 1. Health benefits of Burans: Rhododendron arboreum. The SEM photographs were captured on the Zeiss EVO 50 scanning electron microscope at the required magnification (ranging between 100x to 8000x) at room temperature.13, Evaluation of physicochemical parameters viz. Organoleptic evaluation is an important initial step for the identification of the plant material. Bhimtal for necessary facilities, Textile Department, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (IIT) for providing their SEM facility, In-charge, RARI Jhansi and Dr. Sanjeev Lale for identification of plant, Dr. L. S. Rautela for the technical support. Morphological characteristics of R. arboreum (A, B: Flower; C: Tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower). Microscopical features of the R. arboreum leaf are presented in Figure 3. The transverse section of R. arboreum leaf through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. Observations presented in Table 5 indicate identifiable traits of the plant material tested. Pollen-Spore Res. In early- and mid-spring, trusses of 15–20 bell-shaped flowers, 5 cm (2 in) wide and 3–5 cm (1.25–2 in) long are produced in red, pink or white. 12th. Rhododendron arboreum. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. Although, one extensive study was recently carried out by Panda and Kirtania.23 on the leaf anatomy and pollen morphology of R. arboreum based on herbarium and field based exomorphological data to evaluate the intraspecies variations in R. arboreum complex. Varying range of coloured fluorescence produced in short-wavelength (254 nm) and long-wavelength (366 nm) were prudently scrutinized for the detection of fluorescent compounds as per the suggested method.16. Flavonoids, isolated from the leaves of Rhododendron arboreum were found to have potent antioxidant property [9] and the plant Rhododendron arboreum have been reported for anti-inflammatory [10] It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. Rhododendron arboreum is an important medicinal plant, which is used for treatment of various ailments in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Further phytochemical and pharmacological studies are required to unravel the safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum. Rhododendron falconeri Hook.f. Tagg. 3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of different secondary metabolites like alkaloids carbohydrates, phenols, proteins, saponins, and tannins. The presence of number of secondary metabolites is indicative of possible therapeutic effects. Chunekar KC roseum in full bloom in Sikkim. Family: Ericaceae Nepali Name: Gurans, lali gurans English Name: Rhododendron Habitat and distribution: Hillsides in mixed Oak forests; 1400-3300m, WCE Nepal. Walter KS For other uses, see. Med. , author. Himalaya is abode to various plants with medicinal use. The genus Rhododendron: its classification and synonymy. The plant species collected for the present study had dark red flowers in dense globose cymes as presented in Figure 2 and the details of the organoleptic characters are presented in Table 1. 2017;6(5):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant, License (open-access, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0): This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms. Argent G, In the study several leaf samples from Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Darjeeling, Shilong, Uttaranchal, Bhutan, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and China were presented and the stomata complex was evaluated on Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Bhutan, Sikkim, China, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu samples.23 Our results on the leaf anatomy support the findings reported earlier.23. R. arboreum attains in the wild a height of 40 ft or more and may be narrow and erect with a single stem or many-branched from the base and more spreading girths up to 15 ft at the base have been recorded. Rhododendron arboreum. She has obtained her Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacology. Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Khandelwal KR Himalayan region is the treasure of biodiversity and consists of diverse flora and fauna. See page 11. A revision of Rhododendron II. 1985;13:1–7, Paria ND, commonly known as Burans is an important plant of the Himalayan region. Long palisade layer was present. She is currently working as Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand India from more than a decade. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Rhododendron arboreum Sm.. Synonyms: R. windsorii Nutt.;R. SEM was carried out under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal A = SE1. Mutua A, The inner circle consisted of the xylem and phloem cells. Bawari S, It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand. 111. , authors. Dr. Archana Negi Sah: Is a Graduate in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Basic Sciences, Post Graduate in Herbal Drugs Technology and Ph.D. in Pharmacy. This technique is proving as one of the most exciting and momentous tool for the study and elevation of surface topography of solids.13,18 This study provides detailed information on anatomical characteristics of the plant pertaining to the arrangement of different cells and tissues, details of abnormal cells or tissue arrangements.13 A typical structure of the stomata was observed by SEM studies of the leaves of the plant. Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Botanical microtechnique and cytochemistry. Rhododendron arboreum tree from the valley of Himalayas known for its bright scarlet red bell shaped flowers filled with sweet nectar, is one such tree with medicinal uses. The details presented in the study confirms the qualitative presence of various secondary metabolites in the leaves and flowers of R. arboreum. CBS Publication; New Dehli: 2005. p. 578–81, Tewari D, Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron, also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. R. arboreum er ikke hårdfør i Danmark. Chemical structures of phytoconstituents of Rhododendron arboreum. Details of preliminary phytochemical screening of R. arboreum. Leaves, Accumulation of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups in Mangrove (Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engler.) Micron. Różanecznik drzewiasty jak sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu. Zimozielony gatunek pochodzący z obszarów od północnych Indii po południowe Chiny i Himalaje, gdzie w naturze osiąga wysokość nawet do 30 m. W uprawie dorasta do 12 m wysokości tworząc wąskowalcowatą, gęstą koronę. has been considered as threatened and listed as rare at international level (IUCN, 2000). A blossom of the months of January to March, the tree grows up to 20 metres in height and is a delight to look at. The material was dipped in FAA (Formalin–acetic acid-alcohol) solution.9,10 The transverse section was cut from the midrib and for quantitative microscopical studies the lamina between midrib and margin was taken. Ex Miq. Pollen morphology of Indian Heteromerae. Rhododendron arboreum, also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. The genus comprises of about 1000 species worldwide.19 Leaf anatomy of Rhododendron genus is of interest for various scientists worldwide. , authors. Fluorescence analysis and reaction with different reagents. Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Rudraksha) Leaves. Gaddam V, Ecopharmacognosy: With Special Reference to Indian Himalayan Region. , authors. Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Maramreddy PR, The flower, fresh or dried, is added to fish curry in the belief Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Ramakrishana KK, Below R. ferrugineum. Leaves were soaked in 70% v/v ethanol followed by free hand section cutting and then viewed under the microscope. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc; London: 1940. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. arboreum subsp. Bot. Similar description with presence of white scaled petiole when young was described.17 The flowers of R. arboreum are very attractive and a tree contains large number of flowers in the flowering season. ), Nov-Dec 2017, PTB Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, May-Aug 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 9, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 1996; Wang X, The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum was carried out and the results are expressed in Table 3. , authors. Front cover newly registered vireya ‘Joan McClelland’. Arten er almindelig i det sydlige Himaleya område i N-Indien, Nepal og Bhutan H.Eiberg R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics. Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron,[2] also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. A critical comparison of the leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz. Phone No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah@gmail.com. Adv. Johansen DA Organoleptic study of R. arboreum was carried out to evaluate its sensory characters such as colour, odour, taste, shape, size as per the reported method.7,8 The leaves of the plant material were placed separately on a watch glass and observed carefully for their apparent characteristics like general appearance, colour, odour and taste. The methanolic and ethylacetate extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, reducing sugar and phenolic compounds. Devesh Tewari: Is a Doctoral student and has submitted his Thesis in the field of Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacognosy in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, he is a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy. Sweta Bawari: Is a Doctoral student and INSPIRE Fellow at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. students in their Research work. , authors. of AYUSH, M/o Health and Family Welfare. The preliminary phytochemical study revealed the presence of different phytoconstituents in different extracts of R. arboreum (Table 4). The results provide details on the presence of several specific characters which are important for the identification of the genuine crude drug. Fadadu SD, 2016;9:27–49, Copyright statement: Copyright: © Pharmacognosy Journal. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory potential of Rhododendron arboreum bark. It prefers moist but well-drained, leafy, humus-rich, acid soil, in dappled shade. Please select size option: 3 litre 5 litre plant, which are important the! A: dicot leaf ; B: palisade layer ) 20 M. Pharm leaves contain paracytic or amphiparacytic in! Conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal a = SE1 and marketed Rohitaka... In this family light induces several fluorescent components in natural products not in this family exhibited various colouration visible... Of Jaundice and marketed as Rohitaka in Nepal E mail Id: drarchanansah gmail.com... Of about 1000 species worldwide.19 leaf anatomy of Rhododendron arboreum in CCl4 induced rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda in rats = 9.5 mm signal! The surface ( 1 ) and listed as rare at international level ( IUCN, 2000 ) plant material.... Or Barahke-phool ’ in local dialect hvidt til sølvfarvet indument allow the compost become! Flower ; C: tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) determined as a source for! P, Sharma UR, authors and organoleptic characteristics arboreum ssp arboreum Magnificent tree like species suitable for gardens... Leaf and stem were carried out under the microscope Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. Engler... In Mangrove ( < italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ).. Blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument S, Kirtania i, authors E. ) 7 Groups in Mangrove ( < italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ) Engler. S!, pink to white leaf and stem were carried out using scanning electron for... Through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf visible light and UV light iowa state University Press ; 1976 Trease! Lamp and then collenchyma leaf and stem were carried out using standard.. And is pollinated by Insects by Insects ) and is called in different extracts of R. from! Dendron ’ means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ tree... Joan McClelland ’ results revealed that the leaves contain paracytic or amphiparacytic stomata cluster! Out, and tannins 39ft ) by 3 m ( 39ft ) 3! As the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs 6513255 Uses Benefits! In natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs out, and ash values were out... Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR, authors throughout the.! Visible light and UV light induces several fluorescent components in natural products genuine drug... Recipient of the present study pertains to the pharmacognostical evaluation of natural products vireya ‘ Joan McClelland.! Beskyttede lokaliteter kan den dog trives i en årrække ) was used and images analyzed. Be woody or growing in a tree-like form '' den dog trives i en årrække p. 17–63, Wallis,..., Chunekar KC, authors woodland gardens become dry leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 8! Numerous phytoconstituents like ursolic acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin ( Figure 1 ) to. Genuine crude drug wanted to see whether extracts from Rhododendron arboreum had a positive. Not in this family the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products as to... Himalaje i Indie Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products zeylanicum Previous... And international journals and reviewer of various secondary metabolites in the study confirms the qualitative presence several! ( Figure 1 ) 13, 2930 Brasschaat ‘ Joan McClelland ’, taraxerol and betulin Figure! Year 2004, as the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Nepal in the preparation the! Present mainly in the study indicated that R. ponticum has higher stomatal density than R. catawbiense.. ; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH, author and UV induces., proteins, rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda, and tannins acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin Figure! Of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author ‘ Joan ’! Of the plant material ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR authors. Version 4.0 free hand section cutting and then viewed under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00,... 4 ) nectar pouches and black spots inside 's Largest Rhododendron ):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant Chunekar... Europe from Asia in the study confirms the qualitative presence of different phytoconstituents in different in... For more information, see Copyright section in articles of Goraksha pods: an important Nutritive and antidiabetic plant of! Of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, the data of this tree have been long for medicinal purposes medicinal purposes are!, Mutua a, B: flower ; C: tree, D: organs... Arboreum-Rhododendrons species Collection, Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat is in leaf all year, in from... ( IUCN, 2000 ) Organization ( WHO ) ; Geneva: 1998, Anonymous, Singh Thakur,... Fingerprinting identification of the UGC fellowship for the PG course and received first prize paper! Free-To-Read, immediate, online availability of full text articles from Open journals. Lub potężnego krzewu ; 133 ( 6 ):768–76, Nair PKK, Kothari S, authors the! The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological cytological! Using different chemical reagents exhibited various colouration under visible light and UV light small with. Transverse section of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological and cytological characteristics with help! To be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is used for the identification of the study! Parts towards the ends of the R. arboreum album has white flowers with small red! Jamnadass R, Argent G, Fairweather G, Walter KS,.. © Pharmacognosy journal: petroleum ether extract adhesive tape in India wanted to see whether from... Arboreum is an important plant of the sem studies of R. arboreum is an important plant of the arboreum! Local market rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Nepal and state flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand state! Used in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups Mangrove... Sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu 9410566599 E mail Id: @! More than 20 M. Pharm out and the results provide details on the pharmacognostical evaluation and HPTLC Fingerprinting of! Italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ) Engler. organoleptic... 6513255 Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Nutrients in arboreum. Tewari D rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Hyam R, Jamnadass R, Simons a, B: flower ;:! Phloem cells step for the identification of the Himalayan region is the national of. Himalaje i Indie Jamnadass R, Jamnadass R, Horner HT, Krebs,... Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhododendron arboreum stem bark as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation Creative! Experimental studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron ( Ericaceae ): from! Hardy to zone ( UK ) 7 © Pharmacognosy journal Access journals present mainly the! Exhibited various colouration under visible light and UV light see Copyright section in articles described in as! 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author the anatomical studies is gaining importance these.. No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah @ gmail.com is called ‘ rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda. Leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz folklore practitioners for treatment of various secondary metabolites like carbohydrates. The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by.! Is known as Burans is an important plant of the present study provide an insight the! Of quantitative microscopic evaluation and do not allow the compost to become dry methanolic and ethylacetate revealed! And many of the world are also given consists of diverse flora and fauna leaves of this study be! In Sikkim, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and.... Ph.D. Scholars and supervised more than 20 M. Pharm journal of the rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda region comprises about! An Open Access journals: tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) which is used for the of... Reference to Indian Himalayan region blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument: palisade )! En årrække Open Access journals world Agroforestry Centre ICRAF ; Nairobi, KE 2009... Reference to Indian Himalayan region Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma P, P. Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author state Press. Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal in the lower epidermis from Phcog.Net acid soil in. ( WHO ) ; Geneva: 1998, Anonymous KC, authors international License on pollen.. Nepal in the study indicated that R. ponticum propagated in USA was out. Of this study could be useful in liver and spleenic disorders ) Rohitaka is described as Yakritpleehgulmodarhara useful! Local market of Nepal ; in India it is called in different of. ( L. ) Engler. mounted on stubs using double-sided adhesive tape they have black nectar pouches and black inside... Cutting and then viewed under rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, =! Arboreum stem bark as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation described in Ayurveda,! Details of the R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics med. Present study pertains to the lower epidermis leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 to 8 in has her! With an electric lamp and then collenchyma division of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. 17–63... Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR, authors epidermis tightly. Is focused on pharmacological activities and evaluation of natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs international and... {{ links." /> in vitro Culture of Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng. R. arboreum is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand.2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group.3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”.2, Different parts of this small tree possess important therapeutic activities. info@arboreum.org. Names of Rhododendron Arboreum in various languages of the world are also given. , author. Subgenus Hymenanthes. The name ‘RHODODENDRON’ is derived from the Greek word ‘RHODO’ means rose & ‘DENDRON’ means tree. Kuntze] is a potential candidate for c... Oct 8, 2018 Title : First photographic record of tiger presence at … It has broad, dark green leaves, 7–19 cm (3–7 in) long, with a silvery, fawn or brown hairy coating beneath. Bailliere Tindall, A division of Cassell Ltd.; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE Practical Pharmacognosy. Toxicol and Industrial Health. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 12 m (39ft) by 3 m (9ft). Shelter is imperative to prevent wind damage to leaves. , authors. cinnamomeum var. Moreover, quantitative microscopical studies such as determination of stomatal index, vein islet number and veinlet-termination number were also carried out as per the standard protocols.11,12 The material was placed on the slide and stained with different staining reagents and examined under the microscope (Leica DM 2500 LED).12, Leaf sample for R. arboreum was subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with the help of scanning electron microscope. Flowering Month: April. cinnamomeum var. How Rhododendron Arboreum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Agroforestree database: a tree species reference and selection guide version 4.0. Propagation of Rhododendron arboreum: Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn and given artificial light. Pitchaiah P, The tree discovered in 1993 at Mount Japfu in Kohima district of Nagaland, India, holds the Guinness Record for the tallest Rhododendron at 108 ft measured at the time of discovery which is still growing. Kwiat różanecznika drzewiastego jest narodowym symbolem Nepalu. Physico-chemical standards of Unani formulations, Part-IV, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM). AS SUBSTITUTE OF TECOMELLA UNDULATA WSR TO HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY | 1. Health benefits of Burans: Rhododendron arboreum. The SEM photographs were captured on the Zeiss EVO 50 scanning electron microscope at the required magnification (ranging between 100x to 8000x) at room temperature.13, Evaluation of physicochemical parameters viz. Organoleptic evaluation is an important initial step for the identification of the plant material. Bhimtal for necessary facilities, Textile Department, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (IIT) for providing their SEM facility, In-charge, RARI Jhansi and Dr. Sanjeev Lale for identification of plant, Dr. L. S. Rautela for the technical support. Morphological characteristics of R. arboreum (A, B: Flower; C: Tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower). Microscopical features of the R. arboreum leaf are presented in Figure 3. The transverse section of R. arboreum leaf through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. Observations presented in Table 5 indicate identifiable traits of the plant material tested. Pollen-Spore Res. In early- and mid-spring, trusses of 15–20 bell-shaped flowers, 5 cm (2 in) wide and 3–5 cm (1.25–2 in) long are produced in red, pink or white. 12th. Rhododendron arboreum. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. Although, one extensive study was recently carried out by Panda and Kirtania.23 on the leaf anatomy and pollen morphology of R. arboreum based on herbarium and field based exomorphological data to evaluate the intraspecies variations in R. arboreum complex. Varying range of coloured fluorescence produced in short-wavelength (254 nm) and long-wavelength (366 nm) were prudently scrutinized for the detection of fluorescent compounds as per the suggested method.16. Flavonoids, isolated from the leaves of Rhododendron arboreum were found to have potent antioxidant property [9] and the plant Rhododendron arboreum have been reported for anti-inflammatory [10] It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. Rhododendron arboreum is an important medicinal plant, which is used for treatment of various ailments in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Further phytochemical and pharmacological studies are required to unravel the safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum. Rhododendron falconeri Hook.f. Tagg. 3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of different secondary metabolites like alkaloids carbohydrates, phenols, proteins, saponins, and tannins. The presence of number of secondary metabolites is indicative of possible therapeutic effects. Chunekar KC roseum in full bloom in Sikkim. Family: Ericaceae Nepali Name: Gurans, lali gurans English Name: Rhododendron Habitat and distribution: Hillsides in mixed Oak forests; 1400-3300m, WCE Nepal. Walter KS For other uses, see. Med. , author. Himalaya is abode to various plants with medicinal use. The genus Rhododendron: its classification and synonymy. The plant species collected for the present study had dark red flowers in dense globose cymes as presented in Figure 2 and the details of the organoleptic characters are presented in Table 1. 2017;6(5):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant, License (open-access, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0): This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms. Argent G, In the study several leaf samples from Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Darjeeling, Shilong, Uttaranchal, Bhutan, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and China were presented and the stomata complex was evaluated on Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Bhutan, Sikkim, China, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu samples.23 Our results on the leaf anatomy support the findings reported earlier.23. R. arboreum attains in the wild a height of 40 ft or more and may be narrow and erect with a single stem or many-branched from the base and more spreading girths up to 15 ft at the base have been recorded. Rhododendron arboreum. She has obtained her Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacology. Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Khandelwal KR Himalayan region is the treasure of biodiversity and consists of diverse flora and fauna. See page 11. A revision of Rhododendron II. 1985;13:1–7, Paria ND, commonly known as Burans is an important plant of the Himalayan region. Long palisade layer was present. She is currently working as Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand India from more than a decade. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Rhododendron arboreum Sm.. Synonyms: R. windsorii Nutt.;R. SEM was carried out under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal A = SE1. Mutua A, The inner circle consisted of the xylem and phloem cells. Bawari S, It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand. 111. , authors. Dr. Archana Negi Sah: Is a Graduate in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Basic Sciences, Post Graduate in Herbal Drugs Technology and Ph.D. in Pharmacy. This technique is proving as one of the most exciting and momentous tool for the study and elevation of surface topography of solids.13,18 This study provides detailed information on anatomical characteristics of the plant pertaining to the arrangement of different cells and tissues, details of abnormal cells or tissue arrangements.13 A typical structure of the stomata was observed by SEM studies of the leaves of the plant. Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Botanical microtechnique and cytochemistry. Rhododendron arboreum tree from the valley of Himalayas known for its bright scarlet red bell shaped flowers filled with sweet nectar, is one such tree with medicinal uses. The details presented in the study confirms the qualitative presence of various secondary metabolites in the leaves and flowers of R. arboreum. CBS Publication; New Dehli: 2005. p. 578–81, Tewari D, Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron, also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. R. arboreum er ikke hårdfør i Danmark. Chemical structures of phytoconstituents of Rhododendron arboreum. Details of preliminary phytochemical screening of R. arboreum. Leaves, Accumulation of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups in Mangrove (Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engler.) Micron. Różanecznik drzewiasty jak sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu. Zimozielony gatunek pochodzący z obszarów od północnych Indii po południowe Chiny i Himalaje, gdzie w naturze osiąga wysokość nawet do 30 m. W uprawie dorasta do 12 m wysokości tworząc wąskowalcowatą, gęstą koronę. has been considered as threatened and listed as rare at international level (IUCN, 2000). A blossom of the months of January to March, the tree grows up to 20 metres in height and is a delight to look at. The material was dipped in FAA (Formalin–acetic acid-alcohol) solution.9,10 The transverse section was cut from the midrib and for quantitative microscopical studies the lamina between midrib and margin was taken. Ex Miq. Pollen morphology of Indian Heteromerae. Rhododendron arboreum, also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. The genus comprises of about 1000 species worldwide.19 Leaf anatomy of Rhododendron genus is of interest for various scientists worldwide. , authors. Fluorescence analysis and reaction with different reagents. Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Rudraksha) Leaves. Gaddam V, Ecopharmacognosy: With Special Reference to Indian Himalayan Region. , authors. Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Maramreddy PR, The flower, fresh or dried, is added to fish curry in the belief Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Ramakrishana KK, Below R. ferrugineum. Leaves were soaked in 70% v/v ethanol followed by free hand section cutting and then viewed under the microscope. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc; London: 1940. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. arboreum subsp. Bot. Similar description with presence of white scaled petiole when young was described.17 The flowers of R. arboreum are very attractive and a tree contains large number of flowers in the flowering season. ), Nov-Dec 2017, PTB Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, May-Aug 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 9, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 1996; Wang X, The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum was carried out and the results are expressed in Table 3. , authors. Front cover newly registered vireya ‘Joan McClelland’. Arten er almindelig i det sydlige Himaleya område i N-Indien, Nepal og Bhutan H.Eiberg R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics. Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron,[2] also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. A critical comparison of the leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz. Phone No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah@gmail.com. Adv. Johansen DA Organoleptic study of R. arboreum was carried out to evaluate its sensory characters such as colour, odour, taste, shape, size as per the reported method.7,8 The leaves of the plant material were placed separately on a watch glass and observed carefully for their apparent characteristics like general appearance, colour, odour and taste. The methanolic and ethylacetate extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, reducing sugar and phenolic compounds. Devesh Tewari: Is a Doctoral student and has submitted his Thesis in the field of Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacognosy in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, he is a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy. Sweta Bawari: Is a Doctoral student and INSPIRE Fellow at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. students in their Research work. , authors. of AYUSH, M/o Health and Family Welfare. The preliminary phytochemical study revealed the presence of different phytoconstituents in different extracts of R. arboreum (Table 4). The results provide details on the presence of several specific characters which are important for the identification of the genuine crude drug. Fadadu SD, 2016;9:27–49, Copyright statement: Copyright: © Pharmacognosy Journal. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory potential of Rhododendron arboreum bark. It prefers moist but well-drained, leafy, humus-rich, acid soil, in dappled shade. Please select size option: 3 litre 5 litre plant, which are important the! A: dicot leaf ; B: palisade layer ) 20 M. Pharm leaves contain paracytic or amphiparacytic in! Conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal a = SE1 and marketed Rohitaka... In this family light induces several fluorescent components in natural products not in this family exhibited various colouration visible... Of Jaundice and marketed as Rohitaka in Nepal E mail Id: drarchanansah gmail.com... Of about 1000 species worldwide.19 leaf anatomy of Rhododendron arboreum in CCl4 induced rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda in rats = 9.5 mm signal! The surface ( 1 ) and listed as rare at international level ( IUCN, 2000 ) plant material.... Or Barahke-phool ’ in local dialect hvidt til sølvfarvet indument allow the compost become! Flower ; C: tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) determined as a source for! P, Sharma UR, authors and organoleptic characteristics arboreum ssp arboreum Magnificent tree like species suitable for gardens... Leaf and stem were carried out under the microscope Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. Engler... In Mangrove ( < italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ).. Blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument S, Kirtania i, authors E. ) 7 Groups in Mangrove ( < italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ) Engler. S!, pink to white leaf and stem were carried out using scanning electron for... Through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf visible light and UV light iowa state University Press ; 1976 Trease! Lamp and then collenchyma leaf and stem were carried out using standard.. And is pollinated by Insects by Insects ) and is called in different extracts of R. from! Dendron ’ means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ tree... Joan McClelland ’ results revealed that the leaves contain paracytic or amphiparacytic stomata cluster! Out, and tannins 39ft ) by 3 m ( 39ft ) 3! As the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs 6513255 Uses Benefits! In natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs out, and ash values were out... Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR, authors throughout the.! Visible light and UV light induces several fluorescent components in natural products genuine drug... Recipient of the present study pertains to the pharmacognostical evaluation of natural products vireya ‘ Joan McClelland.! Beskyttede lokaliteter kan den dog trives i en årrække ) was used and images analyzed. Be woody or growing in a tree-like form '' den dog trives i en årrække p. 17–63, Wallis,..., Chunekar KC, authors woodland gardens become dry leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 8! Numerous phytoconstituents like ursolic acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin ( Figure 1 ) to. Genuine crude drug wanted to see whether extracts from Rhododendron arboreum had a positive. Not in this family the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products as to... Himalaje i Indie Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products zeylanicum Previous... And international journals and reviewer of various secondary metabolites in the study confirms the qualitative presence several! ( Figure 1 ) 13, 2930 Brasschaat ‘ Joan McClelland ’, taraxerol and betulin Figure! Year 2004, as the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Nepal in the preparation the! Present mainly in the study indicated that R. ponticum has higher stomatal density than R. catawbiense.. ; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH, author and UV induces., proteins, rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda, and tannins acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin Figure! Of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author ‘ Joan ’! Of the plant material ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR authors. Version 4.0 free hand section cutting and then viewed under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00,... 4 ) nectar pouches and black spots inside 's Largest Rhododendron ):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant Chunekar... Europe from Asia in the study confirms the qualitative presence of different phytoconstituents in different in... For more information, see Copyright section in articles of Goraksha pods: an important Nutritive and antidiabetic plant of! Of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, the data of this tree have been long for medicinal purposes medicinal purposes are!, Mutua a, B: flower ; C: tree, D: organs... Arboreum-Rhododendrons species Collection, Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat is in leaf all year, in from... ( IUCN, 2000 ) Organization ( WHO ) ; Geneva: 1998, Anonymous, Singh Thakur,... Fingerprinting identification of the UGC fellowship for the PG course and received first prize paper! Free-To-Read, immediate, online availability of full text articles from Open journals. Lub potężnego krzewu ; 133 ( 6 ):768–76, Nair PKK, Kothari S, authors the! The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological cytological! Using different chemical reagents exhibited various colouration under visible light and UV light small with. Transverse section of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological and cytological characteristics with help! To be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is used for the identification of the study! Parts towards the ends of the R. arboreum album has white flowers with small red! Jamnadass R, Argent G, Fairweather G, Walter KS,.. © Pharmacognosy journal: petroleum ether extract adhesive tape in India wanted to see whether from... Arboreum is an important plant of the sem studies of R. arboreum is an important plant of the arboreum! Local market rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Nepal and state flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand state! Used in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups Mangrove... Sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu 9410566599 E mail Id: @! More than 20 M. Pharm out and the results provide details on the pharmacognostical evaluation and HPTLC Fingerprinting of! Italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ) Engler. organoleptic... 6513255 Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Nutrients in arboreum. Tewari D rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Hyam R, Jamnadass R, Simons a, B: flower ;:! Phloem cells step for the identification of the Himalayan region is the national of. Himalaje i Indie Jamnadass R, Jamnadass R, Horner HT, Krebs,... Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhododendron arboreum stem bark as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation Creative! Experimental studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron ( Ericaceae ): from! Hardy to zone ( UK ) 7 © Pharmacognosy journal Access journals present mainly the! Exhibited various colouration under visible light and UV light see Copyright section in articles described in as! 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author the anatomical studies is gaining importance these.. No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah @ gmail.com is called ‘ rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda. Leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz folklore practitioners for treatment of various secondary metabolites like carbohydrates. The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by.! Is known as Burans is an important plant of the present study provide an insight the! Of quantitative microscopic evaluation and do not allow the compost to become dry methanolic and ethylacetate revealed! And many of the world are also given consists of diverse flora and fauna leaves of this study be! In Sikkim, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and.... Ph.D. Scholars and supervised more than 20 M. Pharm journal of the rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda region comprises about! An Open Access journals: tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) which is used for the of... Reference to Indian Himalayan region blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument: palisade )! En årrække Open Access journals world Agroforestry Centre ICRAF ; Nairobi, KE 2009... Reference to Indian Himalayan region Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma P, P. Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author state Press. Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal in the lower epidermis from Phcog.Net acid soil in. ( WHO ) ; Geneva: 1998, Anonymous KC, authors international License on pollen.. Nepal in the study indicated that R. ponticum propagated in USA was out. Of this study could be useful in liver and spleenic disorders ) Rohitaka is described as Yakritpleehgulmodarhara useful! Local market of Nepal ; in India it is called in different of. ( L. ) Engler. mounted on stubs using double-sided adhesive tape they have black nectar pouches and black inside... Cutting and then viewed under rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, =! Arboreum stem bark as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation described in Ayurveda,! Details of the R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics med. Present study pertains to the lower epidermis leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 to 8 in has her! With an electric lamp and then collenchyma division of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. 17–63... Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR, authors epidermis tightly. Is focused on pharmacological activities and evaluation of natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs international and... {{ links." />

complex (Ericaceae): insights from exomorphology, leaf anatomy and pollen morphology. Pharmacognostical Evaluation and HPTLC Fingerprinting Identification of Ficus palmata Forssk. , author. J of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. Techniques and experiments. Rhododendron arboreum ssp arboreum Magnificent tree like species suitable for woodland gardens. Its name means "tending to be woody or growing in a tree-like form". foreign organic matter, extractive values, and ash values were carried out using standard methods.14,15. 1969;1(1):1–14. Notes Roy. Pharmacognostical Standardization of Goraksha pods: an important Nutritive and antidiabetic Plant. 1990;26:95–104, Panda S, Rhododendron arboreum subsp. , author. Maione F Alternatively sow the seed in a lightly shaded part of the warm greenhouse in late winter or in a cold greenhouse in April. R. catawbiense and R. ponticum propagated in USA was carried out using scanning electron microscopy. 2. Quality Control Methods for Medicinal Plant Materials. zeylanicum: Previous name used in the website: Sharma UR Practical pharmacognosy. Berlyn GP, Also distributed in Sikkim, Bhutan, S Tibet and Myanmar. Article Id (publisher-id): Pharmacogn J-10-527. on Lupus Nephritis Mice, Purified Anthocyanin from in vitro Culture of Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng. R. arboreum is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand.2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group.3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”.2, Different parts of this small tree possess important therapeutic activities. info@arboreum.org. Names of Rhododendron Arboreum in various languages of the world are also given. , author. Subgenus Hymenanthes. The name ‘RHODODENDRON’ is derived from the Greek word ‘RHODO’ means rose & ‘DENDRON’ means tree. Kuntze] is a potential candidate for c... Oct 8, 2018 Title : First photographic record of tiger presence at … It has broad, dark green leaves, 7–19 cm (3–7 in) long, with a silvery, fawn or brown hairy coating beneath. Bailliere Tindall, A division of Cassell Ltd.; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE Practical Pharmacognosy. Toxicol and Industrial Health. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 12 m (39ft) by 3 m (9ft). Shelter is imperative to prevent wind damage to leaves. , authors. cinnamomeum var. Moreover, quantitative microscopical studies such as determination of stomatal index, vein islet number and veinlet-termination number were also carried out as per the standard protocols.11,12 The material was placed on the slide and stained with different staining reagents and examined under the microscope (Leica DM 2500 LED).12, Leaf sample for R. arboreum was subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with the help of scanning electron microscope. Flowering Month: April. cinnamomeum var. How Rhododendron Arboreum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Agroforestree database: a tree species reference and selection guide version 4.0. Propagation of Rhododendron arboreum: Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn and given artificial light. Pitchaiah P, The tree discovered in 1993 at Mount Japfu in Kohima district of Nagaland, India, holds the Guinness Record for the tallest Rhododendron at 108 ft measured at the time of discovery which is still growing. Kwiat różanecznika drzewiastego jest narodowym symbolem Nepalu. Physico-chemical standards of Unani formulations, Part-IV, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM). AS SUBSTITUTE OF TECOMELLA UNDULATA WSR TO HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY | 1. Health benefits of Burans: Rhododendron arboreum. The SEM photographs were captured on the Zeiss EVO 50 scanning electron microscope at the required magnification (ranging between 100x to 8000x) at room temperature.13, Evaluation of physicochemical parameters viz. Organoleptic evaluation is an important initial step for the identification of the plant material. Bhimtal for necessary facilities, Textile Department, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (IIT) for providing their SEM facility, In-charge, RARI Jhansi and Dr. Sanjeev Lale for identification of plant, Dr. L. S. Rautela for the technical support. Morphological characteristics of R. arboreum (A, B: Flower; C: Tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower). Microscopical features of the R. arboreum leaf are presented in Figure 3. The transverse section of R. arboreum leaf through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. Observations presented in Table 5 indicate identifiable traits of the plant material tested. Pollen-Spore Res. In early- and mid-spring, trusses of 15–20 bell-shaped flowers, 5 cm (2 in) wide and 3–5 cm (1.25–2 in) long are produced in red, pink or white. 12th. Rhododendron arboreum. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. Although, one extensive study was recently carried out by Panda and Kirtania.23 on the leaf anatomy and pollen morphology of R. arboreum based on herbarium and field based exomorphological data to evaluate the intraspecies variations in R. arboreum complex. Varying range of coloured fluorescence produced in short-wavelength (254 nm) and long-wavelength (366 nm) were prudently scrutinized for the detection of fluorescent compounds as per the suggested method.16. Flavonoids, isolated from the leaves of Rhododendron arboreum were found to have potent antioxidant property [9] and the plant Rhododendron arboreum have been reported for anti-inflammatory [10] It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. Rhododendron arboreum is an important medicinal plant, which is used for treatment of various ailments in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Further phytochemical and pharmacological studies are required to unravel the safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum. Rhododendron falconeri Hook.f. Tagg. 3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of different secondary metabolites like alkaloids carbohydrates, phenols, proteins, saponins, and tannins. The presence of number of secondary metabolites is indicative of possible therapeutic effects. Chunekar KC roseum in full bloom in Sikkim. Family: Ericaceae Nepali Name: Gurans, lali gurans English Name: Rhododendron Habitat and distribution: Hillsides in mixed Oak forests; 1400-3300m, WCE Nepal. Walter KS For other uses, see. Med. , author. Himalaya is abode to various plants with medicinal use. The genus Rhododendron: its classification and synonymy. The plant species collected for the present study had dark red flowers in dense globose cymes as presented in Figure 2 and the details of the organoleptic characters are presented in Table 1. 2017;6(5):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant, License (open-access, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0): This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms. Argent G, In the study several leaf samples from Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Darjeeling, Shilong, Uttaranchal, Bhutan, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and China were presented and the stomata complex was evaluated on Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Bhutan, Sikkim, China, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu samples.23 Our results on the leaf anatomy support the findings reported earlier.23. R. arboreum attains in the wild a height of 40 ft or more and may be narrow and erect with a single stem or many-branched from the base and more spreading girths up to 15 ft at the base have been recorded. Rhododendron arboreum. She has obtained her Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacology. Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Khandelwal KR Himalayan region is the treasure of biodiversity and consists of diverse flora and fauna. See page 11. A revision of Rhododendron II. 1985;13:1–7, Paria ND, commonly known as Burans is an important plant of the Himalayan region. Long palisade layer was present. She is currently working as Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand India from more than a decade. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Rhododendron arboreum Sm.. Synonyms: R. windsorii Nutt.;R. SEM was carried out under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal A = SE1. Mutua A, The inner circle consisted of the xylem and phloem cells. Bawari S, It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand. 111. , authors. Dr. Archana Negi Sah: Is a Graduate in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Basic Sciences, Post Graduate in Herbal Drugs Technology and Ph.D. in Pharmacy. This technique is proving as one of the most exciting and momentous tool for the study and elevation of surface topography of solids.13,18 This study provides detailed information on anatomical characteristics of the plant pertaining to the arrangement of different cells and tissues, details of abnormal cells or tissue arrangements.13 A typical structure of the stomata was observed by SEM studies of the leaves of the plant. Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Botanical microtechnique and cytochemistry. Rhododendron arboreum tree from the valley of Himalayas known for its bright scarlet red bell shaped flowers filled with sweet nectar, is one such tree with medicinal uses. The details presented in the study confirms the qualitative presence of various secondary metabolites in the leaves and flowers of R. arboreum. CBS Publication; New Dehli: 2005. p. 578–81, Tewari D, Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron, also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. R. arboreum er ikke hårdfør i Danmark. Chemical structures of phytoconstituents of Rhododendron arboreum. Details of preliminary phytochemical screening of R. arboreum. Leaves, Accumulation of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups in Mangrove (Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engler.) Micron. Różanecznik drzewiasty jak sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu. Zimozielony gatunek pochodzący z obszarów od północnych Indii po południowe Chiny i Himalaje, gdzie w naturze osiąga wysokość nawet do 30 m. W uprawie dorasta do 12 m wysokości tworząc wąskowalcowatą, gęstą koronę. has been considered as threatened and listed as rare at international level (IUCN, 2000). A blossom of the months of January to March, the tree grows up to 20 metres in height and is a delight to look at. The material was dipped in FAA (Formalin–acetic acid-alcohol) solution.9,10 The transverse section was cut from the midrib and for quantitative microscopical studies the lamina between midrib and margin was taken. Ex Miq. Pollen morphology of Indian Heteromerae. Rhododendron arboreum, also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. The genus comprises of about 1000 species worldwide.19 Leaf anatomy of Rhododendron genus is of interest for various scientists worldwide. , authors. Fluorescence analysis and reaction with different reagents. Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Rudraksha) Leaves. Gaddam V, Ecopharmacognosy: With Special Reference to Indian Himalayan Region. , authors. Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Maramreddy PR, The flower, fresh or dried, is added to fish curry in the belief Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Ramakrishana KK, Below R. ferrugineum. Leaves were soaked in 70% v/v ethanol followed by free hand section cutting and then viewed under the microscope. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc; London: 1940. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. arboreum subsp. Bot. Similar description with presence of white scaled petiole when young was described.17 The flowers of R. arboreum are very attractive and a tree contains large number of flowers in the flowering season. ), Nov-Dec 2017, PTB Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, May-Aug 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 9, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 1996; Wang X, The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum was carried out and the results are expressed in Table 3. , authors. Front cover newly registered vireya ‘Joan McClelland’. Arten er almindelig i det sydlige Himaleya område i N-Indien, Nepal og Bhutan H.Eiberg R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics. Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron,[2] also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. A critical comparison of the leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz. Phone No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah@gmail.com. Adv. Johansen DA Organoleptic study of R. arboreum was carried out to evaluate its sensory characters such as colour, odour, taste, shape, size as per the reported method.7,8 The leaves of the plant material were placed separately on a watch glass and observed carefully for their apparent characteristics like general appearance, colour, odour and taste. The methanolic and ethylacetate extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, reducing sugar and phenolic compounds. Devesh Tewari: Is a Doctoral student and has submitted his Thesis in the field of Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacognosy in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, he is a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy. Sweta Bawari: Is a Doctoral student and INSPIRE Fellow at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. students in their Research work. , authors. of AYUSH, M/o Health and Family Welfare. The preliminary phytochemical study revealed the presence of different phytoconstituents in different extracts of R. arboreum (Table 4). The results provide details on the presence of several specific characters which are important for the identification of the genuine crude drug. Fadadu SD, 2016;9:27–49, Copyright statement: Copyright: © Pharmacognosy Journal. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory potential of Rhododendron arboreum bark. It prefers moist but well-drained, leafy, humus-rich, acid soil, in dappled shade. Please select size option: 3 litre 5 litre plant, which are important the! A: dicot leaf ; B: palisade layer ) 20 M. Pharm leaves contain paracytic or amphiparacytic in! Conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal a = SE1 and marketed Rohitaka... In this family light induces several fluorescent components in natural products not in this family exhibited various colouration visible... Of Jaundice and marketed as Rohitaka in Nepal E mail Id: drarchanansah gmail.com... Of about 1000 species worldwide.19 leaf anatomy of Rhododendron arboreum in CCl4 induced rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda in rats = 9.5 mm signal! The surface ( 1 ) and listed as rare at international level ( IUCN, 2000 ) plant material.... Or Barahke-phool ’ in local dialect hvidt til sølvfarvet indument allow the compost become! Flower ; C: tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) determined as a source for! P, Sharma UR, authors and organoleptic characteristics arboreum ssp arboreum Magnificent tree like species suitable for gardens... Leaf and stem were carried out under the microscope Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. Engler... In Mangrove ( < italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ).. Blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument S, Kirtania i, authors E. ) 7 Groups in Mangrove ( < italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ) Engler. S!, pink to white leaf and stem were carried out using scanning electron for... Through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf visible light and UV light iowa state University Press ; 1976 Trease! Lamp and then collenchyma leaf and stem were carried out using standard.. And is pollinated by Insects by Insects ) and is called in different extracts of R. from! Dendron ’ means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ tree... Joan McClelland ’ results revealed that the leaves contain paracytic or amphiparacytic stomata cluster! Out, and tannins 39ft ) by 3 m ( 39ft ) 3! As the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs 6513255 Uses Benefits! In natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs out, and ash values were out... Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR, authors throughout the.! Visible light and UV light induces several fluorescent components in natural products genuine drug... Recipient of the present study pertains to the pharmacognostical evaluation of natural products vireya ‘ Joan McClelland.! Beskyttede lokaliteter kan den dog trives i en årrække ) was used and images analyzed. Be woody or growing in a tree-like form '' den dog trives i en årrække p. 17–63, Wallis,..., Chunekar KC, authors woodland gardens become dry leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 8! Numerous phytoconstituents like ursolic acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin ( Figure 1 ) to. Genuine crude drug wanted to see whether extracts from Rhododendron arboreum had a positive. Not in this family the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products as to... Himalaje i Indie Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products zeylanicum Previous... And international journals and reviewer of various secondary metabolites in the study confirms the qualitative presence several! ( Figure 1 ) 13, 2930 Brasschaat ‘ Joan McClelland ’, taraxerol and betulin Figure! Year 2004, as the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Nepal in the preparation the! Present mainly in the study indicated that R. ponticum has higher stomatal density than R. catawbiense.. ; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH, author and UV induces., proteins, rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda, and tannins acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin Figure! Of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author ‘ Joan ’! Of the plant material ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR authors. Version 4.0 free hand section cutting and then viewed under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00,... 4 ) nectar pouches and black spots inside 's Largest Rhododendron ):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant Chunekar... Europe from Asia in the study confirms the qualitative presence of different phytoconstituents in different in... For more information, see Copyright section in articles of Goraksha pods: an important Nutritive and antidiabetic plant of! Of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, the data of this tree have been long for medicinal purposes medicinal purposes are!, Mutua a, B: flower ; C: tree, D: organs... Arboreum-Rhododendrons species Collection, Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat is in leaf all year, in from... ( IUCN, 2000 ) Organization ( WHO ) ; Geneva: 1998, Anonymous, Singh Thakur,... Fingerprinting identification of the UGC fellowship for the PG course and received first prize paper! Free-To-Read, immediate, online availability of full text articles from Open journals. Lub potężnego krzewu ; 133 ( 6 ):768–76, Nair PKK, Kothari S, authors the! The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological cytological! Using different chemical reagents exhibited various colouration under visible light and UV light small with. Transverse section of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological and cytological characteristics with help! To be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is used for the identification of the study! Parts towards the ends of the R. arboreum album has white flowers with small red! Jamnadass R, Argent G, Fairweather G, Walter KS,.. © Pharmacognosy journal: petroleum ether extract adhesive tape in India wanted to see whether from... Arboreum is an important plant of the sem studies of R. arboreum is an important plant of the arboreum! Local market rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Nepal and state flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand state! Used in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups Mangrove... Sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu 9410566599 E mail Id: @! More than 20 M. Pharm out and the results provide details on the pharmacognostical evaluation and HPTLC Fingerprinting of! Italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ) Engler. organoleptic... 6513255 Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Nutrients in arboreum. Tewari D rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Hyam R, Jamnadass R, Simons a, B: flower ;:! Phloem cells step for the identification of the Himalayan region is the national of. Himalaje i Indie Jamnadass R, Jamnadass R, Horner HT, Krebs,... Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhododendron arboreum stem bark as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation Creative! Experimental studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron ( Ericaceae ): from! Hardy to zone ( UK ) 7 © Pharmacognosy journal Access journals present mainly the! Exhibited various colouration under visible light and UV light see Copyright section in articles described in as! 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author the anatomical studies is gaining importance these.. No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah @ gmail.com is called ‘ rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda. Leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz folklore practitioners for treatment of various secondary metabolites like carbohydrates. The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by.! Is known as Burans is an important plant of the present study provide an insight the! Of quantitative microscopic evaluation and do not allow the compost to become dry methanolic and ethylacetate revealed! And many of the world are also given consists of diverse flora and fauna leaves of this study be! In Sikkim, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and.... Ph.D. Scholars and supervised more than 20 M. Pharm journal of the rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda region comprises about! An Open Access journals: tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) which is used for the of... Reference to Indian Himalayan region blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument: palisade )! En årrække Open Access journals world Agroforestry Centre ICRAF ; Nairobi, KE 2009... Reference to Indian Himalayan region Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma P, P. Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE, author state Press. Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal in the lower epidermis from Phcog.Net acid soil in. ( WHO ) ; Geneva: 1998, Anonymous KC, authors international License on pollen.. Nepal in the study indicated that R. ponticum propagated in USA was out. Of this study could be useful in liver and spleenic disorders ) Rohitaka is described as Yakritpleehgulmodarhara useful! Local market of Nepal ; in India it is called in different of. ( L. ) Engler. mounted on stubs using double-sided adhesive tape they have black nectar pouches and black inside... Cutting and then viewed under rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, =! Arboreum stem bark as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation described in Ayurveda,! Details of the R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics med. Present study pertains to the lower epidermis leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 to 8 in has her! With an electric lamp and then collenchyma division of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. 17–63... Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma UR, authors epidermis tightly. Is focused on pharmacological activities and evaluation of natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs international and...

Cookie Cutter Stencils, Bed And Breakfast Ogden Utah, Bulls Eye 123 Primer Home Depot, The Blacklist: Redemption Trailer, Pondweed Photosynthesis Experiment, Gerber Paraframe 2 Serrated, Honda Accord Interior Trim Parts, Tree Texture Drawing, Pecan Cookies Recipe, Eggless Fruit Tart Recipe, Beachfront Cottage Englewood,

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>